Tests and detection of E / ITS

Are you worried because you might have a sexually transmitted disease? Leave your doubts and visit your doctor or go to a medical centre. Are you looking for the cheap std testing near me. The doctor before ordering any test should ask you some questions to evaluate what is the risk that you have certain STIs / STIs. After checking with the doctor your medical history, your sexual life habits and having exposed the symptoms you may have, he will make the decision of what kind of test to ask. If you are a sexually active person, especially with multiple partners, it is best to take a test at least one year to detect any sexually transmitted disease (STD), in addition to always using protection, because in many cases, they do not occur signs or symptoms.

What kind of STD tests can you ask for and how often do you have to do them? The answers depend on your age, your sexual behaviours and other risk factors. There are some guidelines for the tests of specific sexually transmitted diseases that should be taken into account, especially for the following ones, which are the main ones. The chlamydia and gonorrhoea screening is done through a urine test or through a swab inside the penis in men and the cervix in women. The sample is then analyzed in a laboratory. Detection is important because if you do not have signs or symptoms, there may be an infection.

We explain what the studies that exist to identify STDs / STIs are. There is not a single analysis that identifies all of them. If you are looking for cheap std testing near me! Then read ahead!

  • Blood tests

Blood is drawn from one of your veins (try to hydrate from a day before). This test can confirm the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and syphilis in later stages.

  • Analysis of urine

You provide a sample of your urine. Some of the STDs / STIs, such as Chlamydia, can be confirmed with this analysis.

  • Fluid analysis

If you have active genital sores, a sample of your fluid is used to diagnose if there is an infection. Laboratory tests of genital fluid samples are used to diagnose viruses, bacteria or parasites in their initial stages. Cheap std testing near me includes the screening is the process in which medical personnel request tests for the patient without showing symptoms. The fact of belonging to the following categories of people puts us in a risk group (does not necessarily indicate that you have an infection). These screening tests are part of public health policies that support the prevention and early treatment of E / ITS.

  • From 13 to 64 years old

It is recommended that all people within this age range be tested for the human immunodeficiency virus. With a blood test, you can confirm or rule out if you are a carrier of the virus. In almost any health centre in the United States and the vast majority of those in Latin America have tests that give the same day.

  • Pregnant women

Commonly, during the first prenatal visit, the gynaecologist orders tests for (HIV), hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis. This helps determine what treatment will be given to the pregnant woman if any of the results come out positive and what to do to prevent them from being transmitted to the baby. Tests for gonorrhoea and hepatitis C are recommended at some time if the gynaecologist considers that the mother is at risk of being infected. The latter is not routine.

  • Women over 21 years old

The Papanicolaou is a routine test that the gynaecologist performs during the annual visit. In this test, which is performed through the analysis of a sample of the cervix, it is sought that there are no abnormal cells, inflammation, precancerous changes or cancer (caused by the human papillomavirus, HPV).

  • Women under 25 years of age with active sexual life

This group is recommended to have the chlamydia test. This can be done with a sample of vaginal fluid or urine. If the test is positive (that is, you have the infection) it is suggested that you go back to the test three months after starting the treatment to eradicate it. This confirms that you no longer carry the infection. Even if you have ever been cured of this infection, you can have it again, that’s why it’s important to constantly test yourself.It is also recommended that you frequently do the gonorrhoea test. These two diseases, if left untreated, can cause infertility.

  • Homosexual men

Compared with the rest of the groups, this is the group that is at the highest risk of acquiring an STD / STI. Several public health groups recommend that homosexual men be tested at least once a year for HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes, and hepatitis B.

A person with HIV has a much higher risk of getting another STI. It is recommended that frequent tests of syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and herpes be performed. Some specialists advise that men with HIV are tested for HPV, which can lead to rectal cancer. Women with HIV can develop very aggressive cervical cancer. The recommendation is that a Papanicolaou test is performed twice a year.

HIV, syphilis and hepatitis

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages HIV testing, at least once, as a routine part of healthcare if you are between the ages of 13 and 64. The CDC recommends annual HIV testing if there is a high risk of infection. Application for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis tests if:

  1. Positive test for gonorrhoea or chlamydia, which puts you at higher risk of other sexually transmitted diseases
  2. You have had more than one sexual partner since your last test
  3. You use intravenous drugs
  4. You have relationships with another same-sex person